corfu architecture

 
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Corfu architecture: Discover the architecture of the beautiful island of Corfu Greece

    According to history, the architecture of Corfu was influenced by the several western civilisations that once occupied Corfu such as the Sicilians, the Venetians, the French and the British.


The island’s capital has always been an important commercial and trade centre, a constant victim of other civilisations interests and attacks. For that reason the capital, since it was first founded, has been built and re-built for defensive reasons. The reorganisation of the town followed every time the architectural tradition of each civilisation.
The Ancient city was destroyed in the 6th century and the inhabitants found refuge in the north of the peninsula, where the actual city is built. The settlement that was first built there gradually became a fortified city.

Due to overpopulation, the city extended gradually and spread on the surroundings hills.


The major changes in the city began when the island fell under the Venetian rule in the 14th century. Due to the Turkish invasion threat, the city had to be reorganised.
The period that followed the Venetian rule was characterized by the occupation of the island by the French and the English.

What can be seen today in the town of Corfu dates from that period (16th-19th).


The entire town was reorganized. The town owes to the French and the English monuments such as the Esplanade, the Liston building, the Palace of Saint Michael and Georges, the palace of Mon Repos and many more beautiful architectural treasures.
 

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According to the excavations reports, the ancient city of Corfu, located in the area of Kanoni, was an organised walled city with two ports.

The trade centre of the city, the Agora, was located in the centre of the city, and surrounded with impressive buildings, villas and Doric temples.

The city also must had theatres and stadiums.

All the medieval architecture monuments, a heritage from the Angevins dynasty, were destroyed and, for strictly defensive reasons, new buildings were founded by famous Venetians military architects.

The city was then composed by multistoried imposing buildings. Later, the city’s architecture started to be decorated with some public monuments, squares, churches as an Italian city of the Renaissance.

Some architecture monuments, such as the Municipal Theatre, were built after the unification of Corfu with the rest of Greece in 1864.

Many monuments of the architecture heritage were destroyed during the World War II but the town has managed to keep its amazing characteristics and offer its unique charm and atmosphere.
 
   

 
       HISTORY
According to Mythology, the name of Corfu (Kerkyra in Greek) is derived from the Nymph Korkira...more
       CHURCHES
Corfu has most than 800 churches and monasteries...more

        FESTIVALS
All the majors festivals are related to religious ceremonies... more
       THE TOWN OF CORFU
The main town of Corfu which has the islandís same name must be one of the most beautiful, most impressive and most interesting cities in Greece... more
 

 
 

 

 
     
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